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Washington State Needs Funding to Address Culvert Issue
The status of salmon is critical in Washington because the fish are an essential food source for orcas and tribes depend on salmon fisheries. Culverts that move water downstream are keeping salmon from traveling to breeding streams, reports Brad Shannon. The state needs to come up with $3.1 billion to take out or fix the pipes and structures and make the streams accessible to the fish.
The state needs to move quickly, as the orcas are facing extinction and a federal court decision in favor of tribes requires that the streams be opened to salmon runs. But legislators are not sure where the funding will come from. "In what looked like a potentially major step forward, Gov. Jay Inslee in December proposed to spend more than $1 billion over the next two years on orca and salmon recovery, including ongoing commitments to improve Puget Sound water quality and fish habitat," Shannon writes.
Another possible source of funding would be a carbon tax and gas tax increase, part of a transportation bill making its way through the state legislature. "[Steve] Hobbs’ plan, which includes controversial fees on new construction projects, specifically would cover culvert costs and pay for major highway projects such as a bridge over the Columbia River and new electrified ferries," says Shannon.
Opponents say they do not want to support the two funding options because they involve new taxes, and some legislators say they need to look to short-term solutions to cover the culvert project. "[Christine Rolfes] said it is possible the Legislature will again take a more piecemeal approach to this budget challenge, rather than adopt a whole-hog approach, as embodied in Inslee’s proposal with real estate taxes and in Hobbs’ carbon-tax proposal," notes Shannon.