Keep up with essential planning news and commentary, delivered to your inbox every Monday and Thursday.
Popular but Controversial Seattle Express Toll Lanes Face Possible Termination
The Washington State Department of Transportation (WSDOT) has convincing data that the I-405 Express Toll Lanes are working as planned, writes Chris Sullivan, traffic reporter for KIRO Radio in Seattle.
WSDOT compared the performance of the five-lane I-405, composed of three general purpose and two express toll lanes (in one direction), with the five-lane I-5, composed of four general purpose and one carpool lanes.
“Same total number of lanes, same daily traffic volumes, and yet the peak hours on 405 are performing at a much higher level than the peak hours on I-5 where we are seeing a much higher level of congestion,” said I-405 project manager Kim Henry.
“That’s what express toll lanes do,” he said. “They keep the cars moving, and so we get a much higher performance on a lane-by-lane basis.”
Convincing or not, the express toll lanes have their opponents, as noted in the "tollway rebellion" sub-heading in a February 2016 post that indicated that speeds in the adjacent general purpose lanes had been decreasing.
As for the toll lanes themselves, Seattle Times transportation reporter Mike Lindblom wrote that same month that "[m]otorists are flocking to the I-405 express toll lanes, so much so that tolls [that spike to $9 or $10, the maximum, on occasion] in the opening months totaled $3.7 million, more than triple what the state had forecast."
It's a trial!
What was not noted in the first post on the opening of the lanes in September 2015 was that the lanes were constructed on a two-year trial basis.
The state legislature "launched tolling on the interstate as a two-year experiment and said it could become permanent if the lanes pay for themselves and cars move fast enough during the commute," report Jerry Cornfield and Melissa Slager for The Daily Herald of Everett, Wash. on Sept. 25, 2017.
We have some decisions to make and they will not be easy to make,” said state Sen. Curtis King, R-Yakima, chairman of the Senate Transportation Committee. “Are we going to bless it or are we going to discontinue it and if we discontinue it, what is going to replace it?”
Sen. Steve Hobbs, D-Lake Stevens, is the ranking Democrat on the transportation panel. He too said lawmakers need to see figures for two full years of tolling operations before passing judgment. [Hobbs is now chair].
Toll lanes need to meet two criteria
KIRO's Dori Monson explains the two criteria on Dec. 21, which ironically turns out to be controversial as well because they may not necessarily have to meet both benchmarks. In any case, it's impressive to see that these lanes are clearly paying for themselves.
According to a law set up by the Legislature, the I-405 express toll lanes were supposed to accomplish two main goals within 2 years of operation:
- The tolling system had to pay for itself. It has far exceeded that goal. Operational costs were $13.6 million over the 2 years. The lanes raised $38.6 million.
- The lanes had to flow at 45 mph, 90 percent of the time. They did not meet this goal, and only reached 45 mph a total of 82 percent of the time.
A representative of the state’s toll division told KIRO Radio: "The AGO [attorney general’s office] advised us that as the statute is written, the lanes must meet one of the two metrics to continue operating."
"We now know that the state Attorney General’s office doesn’t believe the I-405 express toll lanes need to be scrapped, despite not meeting both benchmarks set out by the Legislature," began Sullivan in his Dec. 22 report for KIRO. "But there is going to be a push in Olympia next month to get rid of them."
See the September 2015 post that distinguishes WSDOT's names for three types of managed lanes: express lanes, express toll lanes, and high occupancy toll (HOT) lanes. While potentially confusing, it's helpful to distinguish the Washington I-405 Express Toll Lanes from the California 405 Express Lanes.
Hat tip to David Schonbrunn.