The Slow Retreat of Pandemic-Era Outdoor Dining Programs Continues

It’s been almost three years since the political dynamics of outdoor dining in the United States shifted, suddenly and overwhelmingly. Increasingly, the status quo is being restored.

3 minute read

March 1, 2023, 5:00 AM PST

By James Brasuell @CasualBrasuell


On May 1, 2020, Planetizen picked up a developing story at the intersection of pandemic and planning: practically overnight, the idea of cities blocking off parking spaces and entire streets to motor vehicles had become a reasonable suggestion. Just a few days before, Vilnius, Lithuania had caught the attention of the media in the United States by announcing a large-scale program to create outdoor restaurants and cafes in the city’s historic core. Such a space would provide a place for outdoor socializing and provide more space for restaurants and cafes to operate and stay in business. Suddenly the idea seemed relevant even here in the United States—in New York City— but let the annals of history show that officials in New York trailed John Ernst, mayor of Brookhaven, Georgia, a suburb of Atlanta, to openly pondering the idea of turning parking spaces over to restaurants as a lifeline in those incredibly tenuous times.

In the following weeks and months, cars ceded ground to pedestrians and diners all over the country. In May 2020, I was inspired to write a story about how the world was, against all odds, a little less car-centric. As late as October 2020, Planetizen was picking up news about a lack of public opposition to the trend. A concept with such appeal, we thought, surely would succeed on merits after such a widespread experiment. 

A year later, that trend had reversed. The ingredients for a reversal of political fortune had been there since the beginning of the pandemic—more people buying cars, staying off transit, and moving to the suburbs, where even working from home somehow required more trips. Parking was suddenly in short supply and congestion rebounded quickly. Drivers repeatedly careening their vehicles into outdoor dining sheds didn’t help, either.

Now, the outdoor dining programs of the pandemic era are receding, one by one. Al fresco streets, once the talk of the planning profession, are a distant memory. The 15-minute city, a clever phrase used to describe a pedestrian-oriented planning paradigm that had suddenly become much more of a reality thanks to the outdoor dining programs and open streets during the pandemic, is now subject to the brutal and non-sensical debates of the ongoing American culture war

The New York City Council, home to the nation’s most visited car-free, public space experiments in the days before the pandemic—the High Line and the pedestrian plaza known as Times Square—will soon consider legislation to convert its “permanent” outdoor dining program to seasonal status, according to Streetsblog NYC. Yes, outdoor dining will still be available in New York, but the symbolism of the decision is clear: automobiles are coming for what they lost. New York is hardly alone in chipping away its pandemic-era outdoor dining and street programs. Miami Beach allowed cars to return to Ocean Drive in January 2022. Philadelphia adopted new outdoor dining regulations at the beginning of 2023 that critics said would have an immediately chilling effect on the outdoor dining scene. A few weeks later, the same criticisms were leveled at new outdoor dining regulations proposed in Los Angeles. Santa Cruz, California: same story.

It’s not just outdoor dining in retreat in New York City, either. A once ambitious proposal to expand the mileage of bus-only lanes throughout the city has been dismantled and rescinded at the political whim of car culture.

Three years ago, terrible circumstances ushered in a brief window of time where it was possible to reclaim streets for the benefit of human-scaled activity—meeting and socializing with friends and strangers in public, eating outdoors and soaking in the sights and sounds of the community. While many cities are still committed to permanent outdoor dining programs, advocates are probably feeling a lot like Charlotta Janssen, owner of Chez Oskar, as quoted in the Streetsblog NYC article about the changes coming to New York’s outdoor dining program: “I’m heartbroken, I can’t believe they would do something like that.”


James Brasuell

James Brasuell, AICP is the former editorial director of Planetizen and is now a senior public affairs specialist at the Southern California Association of Governments. James managed all editorial content and direction for Planetizen from 2014 to 2023, and was promoted from manging editor to editorial director in 2021. After a first career as a class five white water river guide in Trinity County in Northern California, James started his career in Los Angeles as a volunteer at a risk reduction center in Skid Row.

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