Conflicting Views on How Best to Combat Gentrification, Explained
Darwin BonGraham reports: "According to a new report [pdf] by UC Berkeley researchers, the best way to prevent gentrification and displacement is to build affordable housing in cities and neighborhoods where rents and home prices are rising fastest."
"The Berkeley report is a rebuttal to an earlier, widely circulated report by the state Legislative Analyst Office [sic] that claimed the best way to prevent displacement of low-income households is to simply build more market rate housing as fast as possible," adds BondGraham. (Planetizen was one of the media outlets to circulate news of the LAO's report.)
The article includes specific details on how the new report from Berkeley researchers Miriam Zuk and Karen Chapple responds to the earlier LAO study. Among the claims made by the Berkeley study: although filtering (i.e., as new market rate units become available, older units become more affordable) does occur, the process takes longer than the LAO report acknowledges.
Just a few days after the release of the Berkeley study, the Oregon Office of Economic Analysis released the findings of an examination of filtering, writing in seeming agreement with that point. "The key is that filtering does not happen overnight. It is very much a longer run process," reads a post by Josh Lehner. However, the Oregon Office of Economic Analysis report concludes: "Filtering is also one of the major ways to provide reasonably priced workforce housing for those making in or around the median family income."
The rebuttal process also allows the Berkeley study to reach an important conclusion, as quoted directly from the study: "The development of market-rate housing may not be the most effective tool to prevent the displacement of low-income residents from their neighborhoods, nor to increase affordability at the neighborhood scale," and "to help stabilize existing communities we need to look beyond housing development alone to strategies that protect tenants and help them stay in their homes."