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Op-Ed: Time to End Reliance on Highway User Fees
Joshua L. Schank, president and chief executive of the Eno Center for Transportation, makes a convincing case in this New York Times op-ed for essentially ditching the Highway Trust Fund - a protected, dedicated source of funding that was born with the interstate highway system, and relying more on dedicated general funds that he believes will be "somewhat insulated from the political forces that surround transportation funding, and more focused on getting the federal government the maximum return on its investments."
No other developed nation relies so heavily on user fees like the gas tax. While other countries typically have much higher gas taxes, they do not dedicate these revenues to transportation. Instead, they use general revenues.
So should America. One option is to dedicate part of the income tax revenue that corresponds to transportation’s contribution to gross domestic product, or about 10 percent (around $160 billion). Dedicating even half of that to transportation would cover America’s needs and effectively align transportation with economic growth.
After all, that's exactly what this country has been doing since 2008. "We have infused the trust fund with over $55 billion in general fund revenues (not including stimulus funding), and proposals from the president and the House of Representatives have called for $150 billion and $125 billion more, respectively, both funded through corporate tax reform," he writes.
The problem with these actions and proposals is that they are one-time, short-term fixes, while transportation projects take years to complete. Effective modern transportation is less about building more highways, and more about operating our existing systems more effectively while harnessing the benefits of technology.
Eno's suggestion goes against the user-fee principle that has been the basis of federal and state transportation funding for almost a century, beginning with Oregon's 1919 gas tax. [The federal government was a little late to the game, initiating its per-gallon tax in 1932.] It adds a new dimension to transportation funding policy that leaders should take seriously, particularly those who oppose raising taxes.