"Stop Mass Immigration" Referendum Passes In Switzerland

The vote to approve restrictions on immigration passed narrowly with 50.3 percent of the vote. The main repercussion may be how it impacts trading with its neighbors in the EU as immigration quotas may invalidate a 1999 treaty allowing free movement.

2 minute read

February 11, 2014, 6:00 AM PST

By Irvin Dawid


"A narrow majority of voters in Switzerland approved proposals on Sunday (Feb. 9) that would reintroduce restrictions on the number of foreigners who are allowed to live and work in the country, a move that could have far-reaching implications for Switzerland’s relations with the European Union," writes Melissa Eddy.

In Brussels, the European Commission issued a statement saying that it was “disappointed” that the initiative had passed, adding that it would have to study the vote’s implications on relations between the European Union and Switzerland.

Neil MacLucas in the Wall Street Journal writes, "In advance of the vote, the EU warned it wouldn't renegotiate the 1999 treaty if Swiss voters approved the immigration measure, saying Switzerland couldn't pick and choose the elements of the agreement it wanted to keep."

"Switzerland, which is not part of the European Union, has one of the highest proportions of foreigners in Europe, accounting for about 27 percent of the country’s population of about eight million. Many job seekers have arrived from countries hit hard by the European economic crisis," writes Eddy, adding that "the number of foreign-born residents has risen by 14 percent over the past five years, a pace that some Swiss see as too rapid."

By comparison, 27 percent of California's have been foreign-born since 2000, as we noted in November 2011 and more recently by the Public Policy Institute of California. The state passed an anti-immigrant measure in 1994 that was voided by the courts because it violated the U.S. Constitution.

The "Stop Mass Immigration" measure was promoted by the rightist Swiss People’s Party which had collected 100,000 signatures to put it on the ballot. They said that "the curbs are needed because a rise in the number of immigrants has created too much competition for jobs, raised property prices and rents, and overtaxed the local transportation system", writes MacLucas.

In addition to potentially impacting trading with the 28 member countries that compose the EU, there is a fear that these restrictionary policies could spread throughout Europe.

Far-right parties with anti-immigrant platforms in France, the Netherlands and Norway have gained strength in recent years, and there have been sharp debates in Britain and Germany over limiting the number of immigrants from Bulgaria and Romania because citizens from those countries gained full access to European Union job markets this year.

Repeating a theme present in the U.S., the more urban regions of the country reflected a more liberal vote than other areas. "The largest cities, Zurich and Basel, rejected the vote, and smaller cities and rural areas supported it," writes Eddy.

Monday, February 10, 2014 in The New York Times

Rendering of electric scooters, electric cars, light rail train, and apartments in background.

Arizona’s ‘Car-Free’ Community Takes Shape

Culdesac Tempe has been welcoming residents since last year.

February 14, 2024 - The Cool Down

Aerial view of New York City architecture with augmented reality visualization, blue digital holograms over buildings and skyscrapers

4 Ways to Use AI in Urban Planning and City Design

With the ability to predict trends, engage citizens, enhance resource allocation, and guide decision-making, artificial intelligence has the potential to serve as planners’ very own multi-tool.

February 20, 2024 - ArchDaily

"It's The Climate" sign over street in Grants Pass, Oregon.

Oregon Town Seeks Funding for Ambitious Resilience Plan

Like other rural communities, Grants Pass is eager to access federal funding aimed at sustainability initiatives, but faces challenges when it comes to meeting grant requirements.

February 18, 2024 - The Daily Yonder

Close-up of bottom half of stroller being pushed onto sidewalk with no curb cut by person in jeans and brown shoes.

How Infrastructure Communicates Values

The presence and quality of sidewalks, curb cuts, and other basic elements of infrastructure can speak to much more than just economic decisions.

February 23 - Strong Towns

Greyhound and Amtrak buses at a temporary bus terminal in San Francisco, California.

Despite High Ridership, Intercity Bus Lines Are Eliminating Stations

Riders on the ‘forgotten stepchild’ of the U.S. transportation system find themselves waiting for buses curbside as Greyhound sells off its real estate in many U.S. cities.

February 23 - Governing

Buffalo, New York

Buffalo Residents Push Back on Proposed Cap Park

State and local officials say the $1 billion project will heal neighborhoods divided by the Kensington Expressway, but community members say the proposed plan will exacerbate already poor air quality in the area.

February 23 - Bloomberg CityLab

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Planning for Universal Design

Learn the tools for implementing Universal Design in planning regulations.