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State of the Union Recap: Energy, Economy, Infrastructure and Environment
If you want to get buried in the backgrounds, explanations, and policy implications of the many elements of last night's State of the Union address, there's no better destination than The Washington Post Wonkbook blog's recap. For this post, however, we'll focus on four items of importance to planners and urbanists:
Following up on promising indications from his Inaugural address, after complaints over its absence from the Presidential campaign, President Obama made explicit his intention to focus on climate change during his second term. After pointing to the clear link between climate change and extreme weather, Obama promised action on climate change (with or without the aid of Congress), reports Juliet Eilperin:
"While President Obama called on Congress to pass the same kind of cap-and-trade legislation which died in 2010, urging it 'to pursue a bipartisan, market-based solution to climate change,' no such bill is likely to pass in the next two years. The president acknowledged this in his speech, saying, 'But if Congress won’t act soon to protect future generations, I will.'
On Energy, the President focused on increasing the efficiency of homes and businesses through the establishment an “Energy Efficiency Race to the Top” program "to encourage states to cut waste, through measures such as adopting tighter building efficiency standards and making it easier for industrial facilities to combine their heat and power generation."
He also proposed increasing funding for alternative energy research and development by using revenues from oil and gas production; "a plan that will almost certainly draw criticism from Republicans."
Since his first days in office, the President has acknowledged the need to repair and modernize the country's aging infrastructure and has seen those projects as a vehicle to boost the economy. Thus, it wasn't surprising to hear the President promote such spending, including a "Fix-it-First" strategy in last night's address. The folks at Transportation for America cheered the President's remarks, but are anxious to hear more about the proposal. "It did our hearts good to hear the President talk about creating a Fix-it-First program (where have we heard that before?) that will focus on the health of our infrastructure, such as the 70,000 structurally deficient bridges," says David Goldberg. "As we’ve noted, there are more such bridges scattered around the country than there are McDonald’s, nearly one in ten bridges."
"Transit systems, too, are suffering from decay after a long recession that saw budgets cut to the bone and beyond. Our ports and freight networks need help, too. So, again, we were very pleased to hear the announcement of a focus on the upkeep of our key transportation networks – helping to ensure repair of existing infrastructure remains a priority."
Improving the economy and the plight of the country's struggling middle class was a centerpiece of the President's speech. According to the President, a central element of that strategy is the expansion of new jobs and manufacturing. On this point, Richard Florida disagrees with the President's focus: "While there is much to applaud about the recent revival of American industry, manufacturing is simply insufficient to help revive lagging industrial regions or power the job creation the nation so badly needs."
For a description of the other elements from the speech that could have a significant impact on cities (such as raising the federal minimum wage and gun violence), see Harry Moroz's post in Next City.