Creating Inviting Pedestrian Streets in the Heart of Mexico City
Authorities in Mexico City have given three streets a major facelift, closing off traffic to cars and handing street life back to pedestrians.
The first, Calle Regina, had bigger problems to deal with than vehicular traffic. The street was crowded with vendors that, according to authorities, were affiliated with gangs. "As the administration of Mayor Marcelo Ebrard cleared the area, authorities found caches of drugs and guns," writes Kazis. "Different colored tarps announced which gangs protected each vendor. Only after removing the vendors could officials turn their attention to making Calle Regina car free."
Nearer the zócalo, or public square, on Calle Francisco I. Madero, the City's Public Space Authority faced a different challenge: business owners concerned that restricting traffic would cut into business. The Authority's head, Daniel Escotto, pleaded with the local chamber of commerce: "Let me just have one day, with cones," he recalls. When the program began, Calle Madero was closed once a week, on Mondays. Within two weeks, it was Tuesdays, too. Just three months later, the street was repaved to eliminate its curbs, in a gesture of commitment to its new, pedestrian-only status.
Lastly, to celebrate the bicentennial of the Mexican Revolution, officials approved pedestrian-friendly improvements to the monumental Plaza de la República. "Sidewalks were widened and beautified with new street furniture and plantings. Plaza space once given over to car parking was reclaimed, creating room for amenities like a new fountain."
The next step, according to Escotto, is to remove all four lanes of vehicular traffic surrounding the Plaza by the end of 2012, dedicating the space exclusively to pedestrians.