The Causes of California's Development Malaise

A spate of recent articles has taken a critical look at the regulatory obstacles to a progrssive planning vision in the state of California.

September 22, 2020, 11:00 AM PDT

By James Brasuell @CasualBrasuell

Car-Centric Planning

MikeChappazo / Shutterstock

From both ends of the nation's most populous state, come articles in major local newspapers about the sources of California's regulatory frustrations for the development market—the various forms of local veto available to local interests with the time and resources available to derail housing and transportation development plans.

First, for the Los Angeles Daily News, Anthony Dedousis writes an opinion piece to criticize the variety of regulatory obstacles available to NIMBYs in the state's largest city.

You have to hand it to Los Angeles’ NIMBYs: they’re endlessly creative at finding new reasons to oppose more housing.

Apartment buildings create traffic. They hurt property values. They attract “the wrong element”. They spread COVID-19. They will (gasp!) cast a shadow.

Now, they’re using historic preservation as a gambit to block new housing.

The focus of Dedousis's complaint is to criticize the abuses, while acknowledging some of the successes, of the city's many tools of historic preservation (e.g., the city's Historic-Cultural Monument program and its Historical Preservation Overlay Zones). The latest abuse, according to Dedousis: "the situation on Orange Grove Drive in Mid-Wilshire, where the owner of an aging duplex proposes to build a 16-unit apartment building in its place. The project qualifies for a streamlined approval process because it reserves two units for lower-income households, making it difficult for unhappy neighbors to halt the project. In response, a group of residents began a campaign to get the duplex declared historic."

Shifting this theme farther north, and to a different mode of development, Heather Knight has written a pair of articles for the San Francisco Chronicle on the forms of regulatory frustration available to development opponents in San Francisco. The first article criticizes the ability of a small number of individuals to block eco-friendly transportation projects, even amidst a climate crisis made evident by orange skies and seemingly endless days of smoky air over the course of the past month.

And yet in supposedly environmentally conscious San Francisco, we’re fighting over bike lanes and prohibiting through traffic on a tiny percentage of our streets. Even though making it easier and more appealing for people to leave their cars at home to walk, bike, carpool or take public transit instead is one of the main ways cities can fight climate change.

Knight names names, just two people (in a city of 800,000) with a long track record of opposing innovative transportation planning ideas from implementation, and a more recent track record of frustrating the city's response to the pandemic

Because of them, the next phase of the Slow Streets program is on hold. That program shuts some streets to through traffic so people can walk and bike safely while social distancing. Temporary emergency changes to streets to make way for coronavirus testing sites and pop-up food pantries are also on hold.

The regulatory tool leveraged by the two individuals in question: the California Environmental Quality Act. At least the status quo could be changing soon: "State Sen. Scott Wiener has legislation awaiting the governor’s signature that would exempt some public transportation projects and bike and pedestrian safety improvements from CEQA review, but it won’t go into effect until Jan. 1," reports Knight. (The legislation referenced here is SB 288, covered by Planetizen in June 2020.)

A few days later, Knight took again to the pages of the Chronicle to report that the previous column had produced a response from local political leaders, including Mayor London Breed, who committed to ending the ability of a small number of individuals to endlessly delay projects intended for the benefit of the public. Breed's words on Twitter offer proof of this commitment.

Knight also reports in the follow up column that Breed has directed the city's planning department to craft a proposal to streamline the appeals process with the hope of putting forward legislation to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors soon.

Saturday, September 12, 2020 in San Francisco Chronicle

Chicago Commute

Planning for Congestion Relief

The third and final installment of Planetizen's examination of the role of the planning profession in both perpetuating and solving traffic congestion.

May 12, 2022 - James Brasuell

Twin Cities

Minneapolis Housing Plan a Success—Not for the Reason You Think

Housing advocates praise the city’s move to eliminate single-family zoning by legalizing triplexes on single-family lots, but that isn’t why housing construction is growing.

May 13, 2022 - Reason

Single-Family Housing Construction

New White House Housing Initiative Includes Zoning Reform Incentives

The Biden administration this morning released a new program of actions intended to spur housing construction around the United States.

May 16, 2022 - The White House

University of Arizona

Proposed Transit Line Would Connect Downtown Tucson to Airport

Based on community input for a 15-mile transit line, residents want to see a focus on affordable housing development and anti-displacement measures.

May 22 - KGUN

Shuttered strip mall in Niland, California

Strip Malls as a Housing Solution

The American strip mall may be a dying breed of commercial development, but could the buildings serve a new use as sustainable housing?

May 22 - Yale Environment 360

Complete Street Vancouver

Study: Most of Vancouver Is a ‘15-Minute City’

A large majority of Vancouver residents can access a grocery store in 15 minutes or less by bicycle or on foot.

May 20 - Vancouver Sun

HUD’s 2022 Innovative Housing Showcase

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Expanding HUD’s Eviction Protection Grant Program

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

New Updates on The Edge

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Hand Drawing Master Plans

This course aims to provide an introduction into Urban Design Sketching focused on how to hand draw master plans using a mix of colored markers.