Water Supply Inadequacies Tied to Coronavirus Infection in the Navajo Nation

On May 24, the Navajo Nation had 4,658 reported cases and 165 deaths in a population of 173,000—more even than New York City—while local organizers scrambled to find the water to cover the need during the pandemic.

June 3, 2020, 7:00 AM PDT

By James Brasuell @CasualBrasuell

U.S. Department of the Interior

Autumn's Memories / Shutterstock

Heather Hansman reports on the pre-existing public health crisis that has exacerbated the Covid-19 pandemic on Navajo lands that spans the Four Corners region of the Southwest United States, where the Navajo Nation is experiencing the highest rates of infection in the country

Hansmen ties access to water in the Navajo Nation to the tragic outcomes of the COVID-19 public health crisis, and a long-standing history of neglect: 

The Navajo Nation is particularly vulnerable to the coronavirus because it lacks sufficient resources and infrastructure that most of the U.S. takes for granted: roads, electricity, internet to help spread public-health information, and hospitals. The crisis has been exacerbated by tight living quarters, and there are high rates of health issues, like asthma, cancer, and cardiovascular disease, among residents. All of those problems are tied on some level to federal neglect or exclusion from resources and stalled or missing funding. Most recently, $600 million in COVID-19 relief aid was delayed by more than a month; the money finally arrived in early May. 

Hansen details that history of neglect for the water infrastructure of the Navajo Nation from the U.S. Constitution through the 1908 Winters Doctrine to the Colorado River Compact to the 1920s and finally to the CARES Act of 2020, but the water supply crisis facing the Navajo Nation is not isolated to the Four Corners region. According to Hansmen, "there are currently 574 federally recognized tribes in the U.S., and as of 2019, only 40 of them have reached water-rights settlements with the government."

Cindy Howe, the primary source in the article and a project manager for the Navajo Water Project, offers several prescriptions for the crisis: additional central water collection locations, bigger storage tanks, and universal access to running water.

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