Saving America's Small Cities
Differences in wages and quality of life have people from columnists to President Trump himself asking why people don't just move. "The plight of post-industrial cities like Buffalo, New York, as well as rural communities in Appalachia and the South, is also being dismissed by thinkers on the left and the right," Henry Garbar writes for Slate.
Garbar argues there are good reasons why people are moving less. "This is not as easy as it sounds: Yale law professor, David Schleicher, has laid out three issues that have contributed to Americans’ declining geographic mobility: zoning restrictions that raise housing prices in coastal cities, occupational licensing requirements that make it hard for professionals to cross state lines, and welfare benefits that are difficult to take from place to place," Garbar writes.
How could small cities be saved? Garber points out an idea from Vox's Mathew Yglesias suggesting that moving some government agencies out of D.C. could have a big impact elsewhere, "Time to shift economic activity from the overcrowded coasts to places that need more of it," Yglesias writes. Immigrants and refugees might be motivated to move to these cities. "Michigan Gov. Rick Snyder had earlier discussed getting the Obama administration to offer 50,000 visas for high-skilled migrants to come to Detroit. But Snyder’s plan was dubious—how could you force visa recipients to stay in Detroit?—and the Laitin-Jahr idea was impossible because America hasn’t even accepted one-third that number of Syrian refugees since the war began," Garbar reports.
It's worth the effort though, Garbar contends, not just because small cities serve as a hedge against the troubles larger cities might have in the future, but also because the future prospects of a city can be hard to guess, few predicted New York's comeback in the '80s. What's more, these cities effort distinct advantages. "They’re small enough for regular people to participate in politics and make a mark on civic life; small enough for responsive, local ownership over institutions and infrastructure like banks, broadband, retail, and food production; small enough for short commutes and easy access to nature," Garbar argues.