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An Investigation of New York's Record Shattering Subway Construction Costs
According to Brian M. Rosenthal, excessive staffing, little competition, generous contracts and archaic rules are responsible for dramatically inflating capital costs for transit in New York.
Two projects exemplify the scale of the problem with construction costs at the Metropolitan Transportation Authority:
The estimated cost of the Long Island Rail Road project, known as “East Side Access,” has ballooned to $12 billion, or nearly $3.5 billion for each new mile of track — seven times the average elsewhere in the world. The recently completed Second Avenue subway on Manhattan’s Upper East Side and the 2015 extension of the No. 7 line to Hudson Yards also cost far above average, at $2.5 billion and $1.5 billion per mile, respectively.
Meanwhile, the system is saddled with a maintenance backlog causing service disruptions, a frustrated public, and political conflict between the mayor and the governor.
Rosenthal takes a deep, investigatory dive into the reasons for the ballooning costs. For instance, an accountant discovered in 2010 that some 200 extra employees were employed at a $1,000 on a project to build new platforms under Grand Central Terminal. The public was never notified of the error. Rosenthal finds evidence of trade unions and construction companies ballooning costs and employment levels without scrutiny, thanks to sweetheart deals with the politicians.
"Public officials, mired in bureaucracy, have not acted to curb the costs. The M.T.A. has not adopted best practices nor worked to increase competition in contracting, and it almost never punishes vendors for spending too much or taking too long, according to inspector general reports," writes Rosenthal.
Offering my opinion on this article now: this article is one of the most revealing pieces of news reporting on planning-related subject matter in several years. It should be considered compulsory for anyone interested in improving public transit and transportation in the country's urban areas. Advocates and voters should also hold their elected officials and the MTA accountable. It's a new year—this seems like a good resolution.