California's Largest Dam Removal Underway in Monterey County
San Clemente Dam, built in 1921 to provide water from the Carmel River for the Monterey Peninsula, is coming down, literally, "using a hoe ram, a kind of giant jackhammer chipping away at the concrete and reinforced steel structure," writes Jim Johnson for the Monterey Herald. At the same time, construction has begun on the new Carmel River channel with step pools to improve fish habitat [see photo 3 in photo gallery].
After the dam flunked a seismic safety inspection in 1992, the owner, California American Water Company (Cal Am), with the encouragement of local, state, and federal legislators, settled on the "San Clemente Dam Removal & Carmel River Reroute Project." The removal of the 106-foot-high dam is the largest such project in the state's history and "could be a model for state water policy," writes Steve Rubenstein for the San Francisco Chronicle.
“Retrofitting it would have been like putting new tires on a car with a blown engine,” Monterey County Supervisor Dave Potter, in whose district the dam lies, said. “Dams are an antiquated technology. They were invented before Christ was born. They’re not good for the watershed, for the fish or for flood prevention.”
The "Background & History" section on the project website provides this explanation:
Strengthening the dam would resolve the public safety issues, but would not address other issues related to the dam such as impaired access for steelhead to 25 miles of upstream spawning and rearing habitat, disruption of sediment transport to the lower river and Carmel River beach, and ecological discontinuity of aquatic and riparian habitats.
"Cal Am project executive Rich Svindland called the beginning of demolition 'a huge milestone, there’s no question about that',” adds Johnson.
“We’ve reached the point of no return,” Svindland said. “I commend my fellow partners, the Coastal Conservancy and National Marine Fisheries, for getting to this point. We’re on the forefront of what will need to happen across the country, and we’ve proved it can be done.”
"Water for the county will come instead from existing underground wells," writes Rubenstein. "The huge pile of sediment — 2.5 million cubic yards of muck — will be allowed to remain in place." Water will continue to be supplied from the upstream Los Padres dam as well, though its future appears questionable.
The dam is expected to be removed entirely by the third week of August.