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How to Keep Young Families from Fleeing to the Suburbs
For all the effort that has gone into making cities attractive to young residents, far less effort has been spent on the question of how to keep them. This issue motivated an extended research project by urban planner and architectural designer Sarah Snider Kommpa. Kommpa recently completed a tour of 11 cities in which she tried to discern the urban-to-suburban migration patterns and to compile recommendations for how cities can remain attractive once middle-class Millennials become parents. She summarized her work in “Downtown Families: Discovering How Cities Support Urban Family Living”.
Here are excerpts from Kommpa's Q&A with Next City's Alexis Stephens:
"Upper-class families with kids can choose to live in the city regardless and there’s a breaking point there. If you can afford private school and live downtown, then you can do that and that doesn’t matter. On the other end of the spectrum, folks living in subsidized housing don’t have a lot of choice about where to send their kids to school — depending on how the local district does choice, whether it is neighborhood-based schooling or open enrollment....Certainly some families are going to say, 'I’m going to move where I know the school system is good,' but there are a lot of parents getting involved in more urban schools to change that from the bottom up. That’s one of the trends that I saw while traveling."
"From a developer’s perspective, they can get more per square foot for smaller units than they can for larger units. Unfortunately when folks go in and design their buildings, they’re using market studies that are a few years old. They’re not thinking long-term about retaining those renters when they get married and have kids."