Minneapolis Ordinance Would Eliminate Parking Requirements Near Transit
Nick Magrino details the context and reasoning behind a proposal in Minneapolis that would reduce and eliminate minimum parking requirements [pdf] for residential developments along bus and rail transit lines.
According to Margino, the "proposal would eliminate all minimum off-street parking requirements for residential developments very close to high-frequency transit stops."
- Parking requirements would be eliminated for residential units constructed within 350 feet of a bus or rail transit stop.
- At a second-tier of parking requirements, residential buildings built within one-quarter mile of bus or rail stops with midday service and 15 minute headways would have two requirements. Building with 3-50 units would have no required parking, and buildings of greater than 50 units would require one space per two units.
- A third tier of parking requirements would allow a 10 percent reduction of parking requirements (from a previous 1:1 parking to unit ration) for residential buildings of any size within 350 feet of bus or rail transit stops with 15- to 30-minute headways.
The article includes tables and a map to make the new parking requirements a little easier to digest.
Margino also notes that most of Downtown Minneapolis has been without minimum parking requirements for residential developments since 2009, though few developers have taken advantage of the ordinance yet. If adopted, however, the new requirement would open up new infill opportunities all over the city. Without the constraints of high land costs in Downtown, Margino speculates that more housing typologies of the "missing middle" variety (e.g., courtyard apartments, bungalow courts, townhouses, and live/work lofts) could become feasible.