The challenge facing the nation's infrastructure is massive in scale, requiring ambition lacking since the New Deal and Eisenhower eras. Building on those historic models, the following op-ed suggests a "WPA 2.0" approach to infrastructure.
Measure S gives city leaders a moderately satisfying smack across the face. As satisfying as that may be, Measure S is remarkably bad planning and development policy at the expense of the vast majority of Angelinos.
Many households spend more than they can afford on housing and transportation, but the latest International Housing Affordability Survey is wrong to recommend sprawl as the best solution. Real solutions must reduce both housing and transport costs.
Eric Jaffe compares transit platform signs and their usefulness and limitations as viewed by "novice riders." Jaffe points out that "..urban way finding in general is a bit more art than science--and evidently there's no universal practice, either." Most of his observations show that "each [transit system] adopts its own particular platform style." However, this particular approach leaves room for confusion. As Jaffe notes, the use of "Uptown" and "Downtown" in New York City subway signs or "Inbound" or "Outbound" in Boston's transit system signs require certain knowledge of the local geography.
Jaffe praises a more simplified signage system such as the Tokyo Metro, which "pairs a letter representing the line with a number representing a station. That makes finding a destination a simple matter of counting...[This sign style] effectively eliminate[s] memorization from the entire process."