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Mapping Immigration’s Effect on Boston Neighborhoods
Greg Miller provides a preview of a new exhibition at the Boston Public Library called “A City of Neighborhoods.” “The idea is to look at Boston as a whole, but then to zero in on certain neighborhoods and see what those stories are,” says Michelle LeBlanc, director of education at the library’s Norman B. Leventhal Map Center, when quoted in the article.
Immigration has driven many of Boston’s population trends in the past century. Here Miller describes some of the population changes, and how some Boston neighborhoods remain diverse: “The percentage of foreign-born residents is lower than it used to be: 27 percent, compared to 36 percent in 1910. But some neighborhoods are still remarkably diverse. East Boston’s population is almost 50 percent foreign born, the highest percentage of any neighborhood in the city.”
As for an example of a neighborhood that has experienced immigration-driven changes: “The exhibit includes a brochure from 1910 advertising a new planned neighborhood, ‘Orient Heights,’ built on landfill [an] area of East Boston that was once covered by marshland. ‘They were trying to entice immigrant families from the slums of the West End and North End because there’s open space and fresh air and all that,’ LeBlanc said. Contrary to the development’s name, LeBlanc says the biggest immigrant groups at that time were Italians and Eastern European Jews. Today the biggest immigrant groups in the neighborhood are from El Salvador and Columbia.”
The exhibition stays away, however, from the touchy political subject of gentrification.