California’s Gold Rush Origins Revealed By Drought
A historically dry winter is robbing the west’s rivers and lakes of their normal, rejuvenating high winter and spring flows. As water levels drop lower and lower, land is revealed that reveals a prior era of California’s existence.
Richard Chang writes about how low river levels are revealing stretches of river bank that haven’t been mined in “decades, if not over a century.” The newly revealed river beds have sent many hobbyists down to the river to search for gold. So far, no one has struck it rich—except for the business owners selling mining equipment to gold-seeking prospectors.
Jim Carlton writes about the historic towns that have emerged from below shrinking reservoirs in states all over the West. In California, that means places built during the Gold Rush and later covered by the state’s water storage systems are seeing the light of day again for the first time in over 50 years. For instance, “man-made Folsom Lake has receded to less than one-fifth of its capacity amid bone-dry conditions in California, recently revealing outskirts of a ghost town called Mormon Island founded during the mid-19th century gold rush.” Like the prospectors scouring the state’s river beds for gold, the old re-emerged ghost towns have attracted their own scavengers: “On an unseasonably warm winter day recently, throngs of visitors descended on the cracked mud flats of the reservoir to inspect hand-forged nails, rusted hinges and other vestiges of frontier life that were inundated when the lake was created in 1955,” reports Carton.
The rediscovered places are not without their regulatory concerns: “One threat has come from treasure hunters wielding metal detectors, prompting the state agency to hurriedly adopt rules against their use.”