The Future of Central Business Districts

Urbanist Richard Florida assesses post-pandemic possibilities for neighborhoods that once relied on 9-to-5 workers.

May 24, 2021, 7:00 AM PDT

By Diana Ionescu @aworkoffiction

Manhattan Construction

JimboMcKimbo / Shutterstock

While other parts of cities are "springing back to life" as we shift to a post-pandemic society, "[t]he ongoing shift to remote work challenges the historic role of the Central Business Districts," writes Richard Florida in Bloomberg CityLab. Unlike museums, restaurants, and concert venues, corporate towers are not experiencing an ebullient resurgence but rather an existential crisis.

"These signature skyscraper and corporate tower districts that define the skylines of great cities, and are often synonymous with downtowns, will have to adapt. But far from killing them off, the shift to remote work will ultimately change their form and function in more subtle ways." CBDs, argues Florida, "are perfectly positioned to be remade as more vibrant neighborhoods where people can live and play as well as work — a leading-edge example of what many urbanists are now calling 15-minute neighborhoods."

To Florida, "[t]he biggest and most enduring change in our economic geography ushered in by the pandemic turns out to be far less in where and how we live, and much more about how and where we work." Business districts have recovered more slowly than other sectors, indicating a reluctance on the part of workers to return to the office despite increased vaccination rates. "It’s likely not just the fear of offices per se, but the fear of getting to and from them that remains a fundamental challenge," writes Florida. "Even as suburban office parks where people can drive to work begin to fill up, CBD office districts remain far emptier."

The decline of business in CBDs will have a powerful impact on service sector jobs. "Downtown expert Paul Levy estimates that every 500,000 square feet of occupied office space in the CBD creates jobs for 18 cleaning personnel, 12 security staff and 5 building engineers." But Florida argues that these neighborhoods have too many good qualities to simply fall into economic decline. "Their locations are just too good — too central, too dense, and with too much infrastructure and architecture — to remain vacuums for long. And their transformation — like nearly every other aspect of the Covid-19 pandemic — will be less a fundamental disruption and more an acceleration of trends already underway." 

In the near future, Florida envisions central business districts repurposed into vibrant, multi-purpose hubs and the office as "less a single building in a single location, and more an outgrowth of the urban fabric." But he cautions "cities need to be intentional about how these business districts evolve: Left to their own devices, they will be remade in a way that benefits the already advantaged and deepens existing economic, social and racial divides."

Friday, May 14, 2021 in Bloomberg CityLab

Brooklyn Redevelopment

Study: Market-Rate Development Filters Into Naturally Occurring Affordable Housing

New research sheds new light on one of the most hotly debated questions in planning and development.

September 15, 2021 - Full Stack Economics

Los Angeles, California

The End of Single-Family Zoning in California

Despite a few high-profile failures, the California State Legislature has approved a steady drumbeat of pro-development reforms that loosen zoning restrictions. The state raised the stakes on its zoning reforms this week.

September 19, 2021 - Office of Governor Gavin Newsom

Rendering of St. John redevelopment site

Austin 'Right to Return' Policy Implemented for the First Time

A North Austin development will be the first approved under the city's new Right to Stay and Right to Return policies, aimed at preventing displacement in gentrifying neighborhoods.

September 16, 2021 - Next City

New Updates on The Edge

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

New Case Study Posted on HUD User

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Hand Drawing Master Plans

This course aims to provide an introduction into Urban Design Sketching focused on how to hand draw master plans using a mix of colored markers.