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Has the Lack of Access to Parks Driven Up COVID-19 Infection Rates in Black and Latino Communities?
Parks offer physical and mental health benefits, but they are not enjoyed equally by all. Not all parks are created equal and not everyone has easy access to parks of the same size and quality.
A recent study released by the Trust for Public Land, and detailed in an article by Trevor Hughes, reveals the following:
- Public parks tend to be significantly larger in areas in which residents are white or of higher income.
- Parks for people of color are half the size and serve nearly five times more people per acre as those for majority-white populations.
- Parks that serve primarily low-income households are on average four times smaller and serve three times more people per park acre, compared to parks for high-income households.
- Parks that serve a majority of low-income people of color are on average about half as big and serve four times more people per acre than parks for low-income white populations.
These realities have relevance to the great public health crisis of the current day, notes Hughes. Compounding the preexisting conditions have resulted in disproportionate rates of COVID-19 deaths among Black and Latino Americans, according to Hughes, "some cities closed down parks or various park amenities as the pandemic spread, taking offline the few parks that some urban residents did have access to."
An expert quoted in the article stops short of concluding that lack of access to outdoor spaces has driven COVID-19 infection rates in Black and Latino communities, but it's possible that further research will reveal suggest a relationship between the two. "I'm hoping that the disparities we've been identifying result in a commitment to resolve them," says Dr. Panagis Galiatsatos from Johns Hopkins University in the article. "If this virus can teach us one thing, it's that disparities are here and present. We have control over ending both the pandemic and the disparities. The pandemic will end eventually, and we will need to figure out how to remove the disparities."