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Apple Is Going Suburban Rather Than Urban in Austin
Sarah Holder takes a closer look at Apple’s plan to expand in Austin, Texas. The company has announced that it will add 5,000 new employees and a 133-acre campus in North Austin, less than a mile from its existing facilities.
The decision reflects a pattern seen with other tech companies expanding operations in places where significant numbers of employees are located. "That means Apple is the latest example of like flocking with like—tech companies choosing to settle in places they’ve already identified as talent centers," says Holder.
Apple’s new facility in Austin is also far from the city center, and part of the trend of the suburban tech campus. These campuses often operate as self-contained worlds with little public transportation access, and this can exacerbate inequality in a region, notes Holder:
The geography of jobs varies by city, [Yonah Freemark] says, but it often follows a predictable path: When campuses and corporations are placed on highways, wealthier people with access to cars also have easier access to employment, whereas other low-income or non-white people are more reliant on transit, and therefore shut out of the game in cities without comprehensive connections.
Holder points out that Apple is getting tax incentives and rebates from the county and state, though not as massive as what Amazon will be receiving for its new headquarters, and it could become the largest private employer in Texas. Its expansion in Austin and tech industry growth in other target areas — such as New York and Washington, D.C. — also reflect the growing gap between winner and loser cities.