In Phoenix, Sustainability Will Be Built by Node
In an article on the heady topic of whether or not the city of Phoenix is “doomed,” Aaron Betsky begins with a quote from the 2015 dystopian novel The Water Knife:
"In her own mind she imagined Phoenix as a sinkhole, sucking everything down – buildings, lives, streets, history – all of it tipping and spilling into the gaping maw of disaster –sand, slumped saguaros, subdivisions, all of it going down."
Betsky, however, does not believe that this post-apocalyptic landscape is inevitable, nor does he believe that Phoenix is always accurately imagined by writers of either fiction or non-fiction—usually as a water hungry expanse of suburban sprawl, and more recently as one threatened by climate change.
“[T]he metropolitan area actually holds up quite well by most measures of sustainability. It is denser, believe it or not, than cities such as Seattle, Washington DC, Houston, Detroit, and Atlanta, and has a lower per person carbon footprint than sixteen of the largest Standard Metropolitan Areas, including New York and Chicago (although it does use more water, and at cheaper rates, than all of them).”
Water supply is, and has always been, a question in Phoenix, and during the recent drought there were numerous predictions that the entire state of Arizona would run out of water in as little as six years.
Betsky suggests that part of the problem is that Phoenix can’t be planned by the same set of principles as older cities that spread out of from a high-rise downtown.
“The Valley is instead a carpet of nodes, some large enough to be Edge Cities per American author Joel Garreau's definition, but many smaller than that: retro downtowns such as Scottsdale's New Urbanist shopping, residential, and resort areas such as the Kierland Resort, Kierland Commons and Scottsdale Quarter, and endless confluences of hospitals and shopping malls, sporting venues and hotels, and resorts, shopping, and residential agglomerations.”
Instead of greater density, Phoenix should pursue sustainability in its current form, by focusing on these nodes and figuring out three things: “how to make them more sustainable and varied in themselves; how to connect them in a manner that wastes less time and energy; and how to make that landscape of networks and nodes more appropriate to the Sonoran Desert.”
“There is a lot the city can still do to improve its future,” Betsky writes. “One fundamental thing the Valley – or we – can do, however, is to stop thinking about it as a traditional city.”