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An Island of 3.4 Million Living Off the Grid

Living off the grid usually refers to a lifestyle choice to live far from power lines and other basic infrastructure that most of civilization takes for granted—until a natural disaster wipes it all out.
October 9, 2017, 7am PDT | Irvin Dawid
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Hurricane Maria scored a direct hit on the island of 3.4 million American residents on Sept. 20 as a category 4 storm with 155 mph winds, killing 34 people as of Oct. 3.

The "near total destruction of the commonwealth’s electric power grid has transformed Puerto Rico into Generator Island," report Richard FaussetFrances Robles and Deborah Acosta for the New York Times on Oct. 6.

Running on gas or diesel, and ranging from lawn mower to moving-truck size, the generators are the only option for the roughly 90 percent of the island that has no access to the decimated grid. Generators now power big-box stores, high-rise apartment buildings, auto shops, fast-food restaurants, wastewater treatment plants and little country homes. 

Sadly, President Trump was unaware that the island was without grid power during his Oct. 3 visit to San Juan, the nation's capital and largest city, evidenced by his telling residents as he handed out flashlights, "You don't need them anymore." He then proceeded to toss 'beautiful, soft' paper towels to the crowd.

"The storm destroyed 85 percent of the island’s energy transmission and distribution system, and the fix could cost $5 billion, said Ricardo Ramos, chief executive of the beleaguered Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority (PREPA)," add FaussetRobles and Acosta for The Times.

In a news conference on [Oct. 6], Mr. Rosselló could not say when the system, which was infamously fragile before the storm, would be fully restored.

“There is no estimated date right now,” he said. “We have established, right at the beginning of this week, we want to have 10 percent of the energy generation in Puerto Rico. Now we’re up to 10.6 percent. And our expectation is, within the next month, to have 25 percent.

The electricity coverage had edged up to 11.7 percent as of Oct. 8, according to the commonwealth's new infrastructure website.

According to Andy Techmanski, chief executive of Montana-based Whitefish Energy Holdings, the company that PREPA contracted to restore service, "it would take six months or longer for all of Puerto Rico to have its power restored."

An earlier post indicated that power generation had survived largely intact. According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration, last year "47% of Puerto Rico’s electricity came from petroleum, 34% from natural gas, 17% from coal, and 2% from renewable energy." [See Wikipedia for a more precise breakdown].

A prior post may have left the impression that the Army Corps. of Engineers was rebuilding the grid. The Times clarifies the corps.' role:

Across the island, the Army Corps of Engineers has set up 34 huge generators so far, running everything from police departments to water pumping facilities to a [PREPA] office, according to Lisa Hunter, a spokeswoman for the Corps. Corps officials said on [Oct. 6] that 177 other generators arrived late in the week, with some of them headed to the United States Virgin Islands.

The generators pose public health problems, most notably because of their emissions, which include toxic carbon monoxide. The Puerto Rico Chapter of the Sierra Club also notes noise complaints, and that the presence of generators highlights disparities in wealth, evidenced by which houses are dark or lit at night.

Full Story:
Published on Saturday, October 7, 2017 in The New York Times
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