Super Tuesday wan't just for presidential primaries: numerous local elections decided the future of land use policy in the largest state in the nation, while Oklahoma City weighed in on planning-related issues as well.
While the Democratic primary steals all the headlines, those concerned about the direction of land use, transportation, and housing policies has plenty to watch in California on Super Tuesday, both at the state and the local level.
A few key takeaways in California: it was a bad day for transportation sales taxes in the San Francisco Bay Area, and a mixed bag for progressive land use and housing policy reforms.
But California wasn't the only state with non-presidential election action, stick around to the end of the posts for the results on a sales tax intended to fund city parks in Oklahoma City.
Proposition 13: A controversial school facility bond appears headed for defeat in California. The campaign leading up to the vote was characterized by misinformation on social media, providing a sneak preview of the controversy likely to dog a future vote on "split roll" property tax reform in the state, which would change property tax rates for non-residential properties.
Measure E: A critical land use reform, capping the amount of office uses based on the delivery of affordable housing units, was approved by San Francisco voters. Measure E won handily despite the opposition of SPUR and other prominent figures in the Bay Area. Roland Li provides news coverage of Measure E's success.
Measure D: A vacancy tax for retail uses in San Francisco appears headed for victory, reports Adam Brinklow. "If Proposition D becomes law, starting in 2021 it would charge owners of chronically empty SF storefronts $250 per linear foot (not square foot) for the first year that a retail unit remains vacant, $500 in year two, and $1,000 per foot every year after," explains Brinklow.
Measure B: A bond for emergency services and facilities preparation was overwhelmingly approved by San Francisco voters.
Measure A: Voters approved a bond, which had the support of SPUR, that will fund $845 million in repairs at the City College of San Francisco. Nanatte Asimov provides news coverage of the bond's approval.
Measure E: A proposed tax on the sale of San Jose properties worth $2 million or more was leading on Wednesday morning with 54 percent of the vote, according to Maggie Angst for The Mercury News. "The city estimates that the new tax, which leaders have vowed to use to build affordable housing and expand homeless services, would generate up to $73 million annually and at least $22 million during a recession year," writes Angst.
Contra Costa County
Measure J: Voters rejected a transportation sales tax in this Easy Bay Area county. "Measure J would have imposed a half-cent sales tax to raise $103 million annually for 35 years. It fell far short of the two-thirds percentage needed for passage," reports Rachel Swan [paywall].
Marin and Sonoma counties
Measure I: A sales tax to fund the SMART transit system failed to achieve the necessary votes for approval. "Measure I would have extended the Sonoma-Marin Area Rail Transit district’s existing quarter-cent sales tax for 30 years, pushing the sunset date to April 1, 2059," according to Will Houston.
Measure D: A measure to soften the rent control ordinance in this Silicon Valley city was defeated by voters, according to an article by Kevin Forestieri. Forestieri characterizes the failed modifications of the city's 2016 rent control ordinance as mostly benefitting property owners.
Measure G: As of this writing, Measure G in Redlands, California appears headed for defeat, as reported by both Ballotpedia and Redlands Daily Facts. As detailed in an article by Planetizen correspondence Irvin Dawid, Measure G would have loosened density restrictions to allow for more transit oriented development around a forthcoming regional rail line.
Measure C: "San Diego’s high-stakes measure to expand the city’s bayfront convention center — plus guarantee a steady stream of revenue to address the homeless crisis — was unable to score a win in Tuesday’s election, falling just short of the two-thirds majority it needed to prevail," report Lori Weisberg and Gary Warth.
Measure B: A proposed increase of Long Beach’s general transient occupancy (hotel bed) tax rate, from 6% to 7%, had the simple majority necessary for approval in early returns. Hayley Munguia provided news coverage of the proposed tax increase in an article published on the day of the election.
"A measure that would have added a permanent one-eighth cent sales tax in Oklahoma City was rejected by voters," according to KFOR, and confirmed by Ballotpedia. The sales tax increase would have raised an estimated $15 million a year for the Oklahoma City Parks Tax Fund.
Did we miss anything? Let us know in the comments. We'll be updating this article periodically as results are finalized and we identify more relevant local and statewide elections.
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