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Five Years Later: What Lessons Have Been Learned From I-35W Bridge Collapse?
August 1, 2007: The I-35W bridge over the Mississippi River collapsed at 6:05 PM. Thirteen people died, 145 were injured.
In an analysis perhaps like none other, Univ. of Minnesota Civil Engineering Professor David Levinson, became intimately involved in what clearly is one of the country's worst transportation infrastructure calamities caused ultimately, and arguably, by human engineering error as opposed to an "act of God", as was the case in the 1989 Loma Prieta collapse of the San Francisco Bay Bridge.
While Levinson acknowledges that "(t)hrowing money at the Bridge would not have kept it from falling. Others note money could have bought:
- more inspections,
- structural (e.g. finite-element) model of the Bridge,
- better, faster repairs,
- the ability to replace the Bridge sooner."
In Part 4 of the on-going Bridge series, Levinson focuses on Gov. Tim Pawlenty's three vetos of the state legislature's passage of an increase in the gas tax. The first veto was in 2005; the second was on May 15, 2007 that was combined with an "income-tax-for-property-tax swap".
"Tim Pawlenty had already vetoed (in 2005) a legislature-passed increase in the gas tax that could have raised money to repair bridges like this one. The latest (May 15, 2007) vetoed (a 7.5-cent) gas tax would not have solved this problem, but previous taxes that were not passed (due in part to Pawlenty's previous veto threat) may have, had the money been spent on this kind of thing."
"The gas tax had not been raised in Minnesota since 1988, and thus its purchasing power had diminished significantly, while the network was expanded and aged, and traffic levels increased. Pawlenty's campaign took pride in this veto..." (In 2002, Pawlenty had signed the Taxpayers League of Minnesota's no new taxes pledge).
Ultimately, in 2008, Minnesota's gas tax was raised through a bipartisan legislative vote that overrode a Pawlenty veto, and proved to be politically costly for Republicans who crossed party lines.
Thanks to Angie Schmitt