Do Compact Cities Dream of Electric Cars?
In the 60's, urban planners and politicians in Reykjavik consciously turned their back on Europe and sought to emulate the most advanced urban development planning in the world in the United States. The results would make any teacher proud: one of the highest per capita car ownership rates in the world, sprawling low-density urban development and a citizenry that is nearly allergic to public transportation.
Fast forward to the early 21st Century as new ways of thinking about mobility and transportation infrastructure begin to take hold in the midst of the worst economic collapse in Iceland's history. As Dagur B. Eggertsson, the former mayor of Reykjavik , noted "we [Icelanders] are really at a crossroads now in my opinion . . . are we going to stick to the 1960's plan or are we going to make some radical changes?".
One of the more contentious questions within planning today is the role of the automobile within a sustainable mobility paradigm. The recent emergence of strong policy and planning support for the introduction of electric vehicles raises thorny questions as to whether or not this development will be complementary to, or conflicting with, other sustainable mobility planning goals, such as the pursuit of compact cities, restrictions on automobiles, promotion of walking and bicycling, and support for public transport.
Researchers from Aalborg University in Denmark and Reykjavik University in Iceland have carried out a pilot study in the Reykjavik city region concluding a strategy of provision for electric vehicles on a large scale represents a continuation of the dominant "predict-and-provide" transport engineering approach, drawing scarce financial and institutional resources away from path-breaking measures such as the efforts to create denser development patterns and promote non-motorized and public forms of transport.
Thanks to Patrick Driscoll