100 Percent Affordable Overlay: Next Up for Berkeley's Reform Movement
Berkeley is not resting after taking several significant steps toward planning reform in recent months—first by removing residential parking requirements in most parts of the city and then by voting to rescind single-family zoning.
Berkeley Councilmember Terry Taplin has also sponsored a 100% Affordable Housing Overlay, building on a model provided by a similar overlay approved by Cambridge, Massachusetts in October 2020.
Randy Shaw, who has written on the idea previously for Beyond Chron and in his book Generation Priced Out, details the proposal. Shaw is an obvious proponent of the Affordable Housing Overlay concept, calling it "the best strategy for high housing cost cities to reduce segregation."
How does an affordable housing overlay work? "Cambridge’s Affordable Housing Overlay permits greater height and density for ministerial approval for 100% Below Market-Rate housing developments." Those height and density bonuses "[increase] the availability of infill sites where nonprofit and public entities may otherwise be unable to compete with private developers," according to Shaw, who notes that numerous underutilized commercial parcels in Berkeley would become much more viable for affordable housing development under the proposed changes.
Councilmember Taplin's proposed overlay was scheduled for a hearing before the Berkeley City Council's Land Use Committee on March 4. The Joint Center for Housing Studies at Harvard University is hosting a free webinar on the subject of affordable housing overlays on March 11, exploring the possibility of this planning policy tool's expansion to yet more locations.