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Matthew Desmond, director of the Eviction Lab at Princeton University, understands the devastating impact of eviction during a time when unemployment has reached levels to rival those seen during the Great Depression. Demond's recent opinion piece describes the real-life consequences of insufficient federal rental aid support and a housing crisis that forces the majority of sub-poverty line tenants to allocate over half of their income to rent.
During the coronavirus lockdown, the constant threat is simply heavier. "During a pandemic that forcefully links our health to our homes, eviction will help spread the virus, as displaced families crowd into shelters, double up with relatives and friends, or risk their health in unsafe jobs to make rent or pay for moving expenses," writes Desmond.
Data recently released by Desmond's team at Princeton's Eviction Lab shows that of the 1,795 new eviction cases filed in Phoenix during the month of July, about 18% of cases were caused by an unpaid sum of $500 or less. Through the Lab's research, Desmond knows very well the weight of the monthly rent payment for families across the country:
Rent — it’s the greediest of bills. For many families, it grows every year, arbitrarily, almost magically, not because of any home improvements; just because. And unlike defaulting on other bills, missing a rent payment can result in immediate and devastating consequences, casting families into poverty and homelessness. If you can’t afford enough food, you can usually qualify for food stamps. If you miss a mortgage payment, you typically have 120 days before your bank can initiate the foreclosure process. But if you can’t pay your rent, you can lose your home in a matter of weeks.
What we need, says Desmond, is not mass eviction, but effective rental assistance. Congress needs to step up to protect Americans through substantive action and generous federal benefits, adds Desmond.