Race, Planning Intersect as the Coronavirus Kills Black and Latino Americans at Higher Rates

Black and Latino Americans in the United States are dying from COVID-19 at a much higher rate than whites. The foundation for the tragedy has been laid for decades.

Read Time: 3 minutes

April 14, 2020, 5:00 AM PDT

By James Brasuell @CasualBrasuell

New York Public Transit

Emily Geraghty / Shutterstock

ProPublica offered the first in-depth news analysis of the high infection rates of coronavirus in Black communities in Milwaukee, where misinformation and mistrust made it difficult to convince many Black people to protect themselves.

The long history of structural racism also sowed the seeds for this public health crisis in the Black community, according to the authors of the story, Akilah Johnson and Talia Buford. "Environmental, economic and political factors have compounded for generations, putting black people at higher risk of chronic conditions that leave lungs weak and immune systems vulnerable: asthma, heart disease, hypertension and diabetes."

As documented by the ProPublica team, the disease has inflicted damage on Black communities in Michigan, Louisiana, North Carolina, and Illinois. Since then, numerous articles have repeated and supplemented these findings as the extent of the human costs of the pandemic have continued to skew across racial lines. Here's a sample of additional news coverage of the racial data on coronavirus infections in the United States, including attention eventually paid to New York City, the geographic location experiencing the largest outbreak in the United States:

The thread of environmental injustice runs throughout these data. People of color are dying more of COVID-19 because of environmental and planning policies that expose these communities to higher rates of pollution and because neighborhoods are segregated by occupation and class.

As for potential responses to the current public health crisis, Joe Barrett, Coulter Jones, and Ebony Reed report in a paywalled Wall Street Journal article about how mayors are responding to the racial inequities apparent in the public health outcomes of COVID-19, and The New York Times editorial board added its two cents about how to save lives in the Black and Latino communities during the pandemic, including releasing better data, speeding medical care for Black and Latino Americans ("These disparities in access and outcomes call out for more fundamental changes in health care policy in the United States," according to the editorial), providing alternative housing for workers and others who live in large households and have no way to isolate themselves if they get sick, and potentially dispatching the National Guard to distribute food and other services. 

At some point during the recovery from this public health and economic crisis, it will be time for planners and policy makers to make fundamental changes to the way communities are planned and built in the United States, similar to the changes the New York Times editorial proposes for the healthcare industry.

Friday, April 3, 2020 in ProPublica


The Hyperloop’s Prospects Dim

The media is coming around to the idea that the hyperloop is not a near-term solution for the country’s transportation woes. It’s too little, too obvious, too late.

September 27, 2022 - James Brasuell

Suburban Homes

Where Housing Costs Are Falling Fastest

Although median home prices remain close to record highs in many cities, some of the country’s priciest metro areas are seeing home prices plummet.

September 23, 2022 - Bloomberg

Orange Line train pulling into station with one woman waiting to board in Boston, Massachusetts

When Transit-Oriented Development Is Missing the ‘Transit’

Cities, residents, and developers have a renewed interest in building more housing near transit stations—when they actually provide safe, reliable transit.

September 21, 2022 - Boston Globe

Runway and plane taking off at Paine Field, Everett, Washington

Will Snohomish County Light Rail Bypass the Airport?

Some county leaders rejected two proposed routes that would skirt Boeing and Paine Field, citing the area’s high potential for travelers and jobs.

September 30 - HeraldNet

Aerial view of small rural community in Kentucky with ild rolling hills and sparse development

Senate Bill Would Support Rural Tenants

With housing costs skyrocketing, a proposed bill would extend assistance and help preserve affordable rental housing in rural areas.

September 30 - The Daily Yonder

Rendering of Innovation QNS with landscaped open public space on corner and glass-clad building

2.7-Million-Square-Foot Astoria Project Approved

The development will include over 2,800 housing units and 2 acres of public open space.

September 30 - Urbanize New York

New Case Study Posted on HUD User

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

New Updates on PD&R Edge

HUD's Office of Policy Development and Research

The World’s Leading Event for Cities

Smart City Expo World Congress

Urban Design for Planners 1: Software Tools

This six-course series explores essential urban design concepts using open source software and equips planners with the tools they need to participate fully in the urban design process.

Hand Drawing Master Plans

This course aims to provide an introduction into Urban Design Sketching focused on how to hand draw master plans using a mix of colored markers.