Cities Must Manage Parking or Face Pollution and Inequity
Australia's parking minimums and other parking policies are widely acknowledged to be outdated and dangerous to the environment, but efforts to move away from this type of 'predict-and-provide,' have been incomplete and sporadic. Rebecca Clements and Alan March write that, while efforts to price parking based on demand have suffered from being irregular, "Australian planners have largely ignored the untapped potential of car park policy to be one of planning’s fundamental control mechanisms," they write in Foreground.
They point out that parking can compete for space with other forms of transportation, and parked cars can present a danger to cyclists who risk being doored. "Parking can directly compromise the adoption of active and sustainable modes of transport," Clements and March write. Also, access to free parking can entice would-be transit riders to drive.