As Cities Have Changed, So Have Richard Florida's Ideas
Lydia DePillis reports on the evolution of Richard Florida, who 16 years after his first book, The Rise of the Creative Class, will release a new book called The New Urban Crisis.
According to DePillis, the theories included in The Rise of the Creative Class "proved half true." That is, "[f]or many small, post-industrial cities without assets like big tech companies and universities, no amount of creative-class marketing would turn things around."
Meanwhile, "some cities — San Francisco and New York, Austin and Seattle and Washington — have seen the theory work entirely too well, as creative and techy types revitalized downtown neighborhoods to the point where only bankers and software developers can afford to live in them comfortably."
DePillis attended a recent event in Houston hosted by the Kinder Institute and the Greater Houston Community Foundation, where Florida admitted that his original work did not anticipate the "dark side of the urban creative revolution."
The new book won't be out until next spring, but Florida spoke with DePillis in detail about its genesis (an argument with Joel Kotkin) and some of the realizations that shaped its argument (e.g., the segregation and sorting of growing cities). The new book, explains DePillis, is about "inclusive urbanism": "investing in residents' skills rather than yuppifying their neighborhoods, about retrofitting suburbs for people who might want to be able to walk to a grocery store and piping them into the city with commuter rail."
One pointed moment comes when Florida responds to the politics of the "tribe of urban libertarians," which is probably a code for YIMBYs. Here's Florida in his own words on that subject:
What happened to the urban left is it got captured by critical studies, the people who run around in geography departments and who've just given up reality. These are the people who think you're going to rebuild cities by deregulating land use. Welcome to Houston!