Urban Design Comes to the Rescue of Dwindling Koala Population
Australia's koala population is under threat as sprawl in New South Wales and Queensland is leading to what has been described as a "a genuinely apocalyptic scenario" that could drive the local koala population into extinction. Darryl Jones of The Conversation (as reported in Phys.org) reports that koalas have adapted to urban intrusion less successfully than other types of wildlife, with one of the major causes of death being collisions with cars. In response, designers have looked at various methods to keep koalas from crossing roadways while still allowing a wide range of movement that was also important to the health of the koala population. One solution has been to adapt box culverts typically found under roadways to allow for passage of smaller animals. To create a safe passage that avoided the water that typically runs through the culverts, designers built a wide ledge that allowed smaller animals to easily walk through.
By attaching a wide ledge to the side of the culvert leading from one side of the road to the other, animals could potentially traverse the danger zone above.
This possibility proved unexpectedly fruitful. Within only a few weeks, a remarkable suite of fauna including echidnas, wallabies, possums and goannas had found and used the ledges. But most exciting of all were the numerous koalas captured on the monitoring cameras and tracked by various technologies. These otherwise arboreal marsupials, whose main proclivity is climbing trees or walking – quickly – to the next tree, had somehow discovered a way of avoiding the great risks of the traffic above by travelling below on an artificial ledge over water in a dark tunnel!
Jones reports that authorities are also looking at changing the behavior of drivers, who have shown little response to wildlife signs placed along the roadway. Electronic signs that report the speed of drivers and changes in roadway paving color have been suggested as possible methods to get drivers to slow down in wildlife crossing areas.