Appalachian Coal's Last Wheezing Breath
In a piece for Grist, Laura Gottesdiener covers the collapsing West Virginia coal industry and its environmental (and human) fallout. She writes, "Even though the industry in West Virginia is in the grips of an unprecedented collapse that threatens to dethrone King Coal once and for all, this 14-year-old and all the other children growing up in the shadow of these 'blank spaces' will never see the decapitated peaks return to thickly forested mountaintops."
While the Appalachian mines are shutting down, fossil fuels extraction is still big business. "The price of coal has been plummeting as utility companies shift to significantly cheaper shale gas, extracted through the drilling process known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, to produce power."
But in West Virginia the damage has been done, both to the environment and to the region's economy. "The coalfields are filled with now-abandoned company towns, where the industry once employed hundreds of thousands of men to work in underground mines."
The scars on Appalachia's mountains are probably permanent. But with the coal industry gone, perhaps residents can build a new lifestyle. "These days, as the coal industry crumbles, West Virginians are rallying in support of what's being called 'transition work' — the building, that is, of a new economy based on agriculture, local arts, wineries, and the like."