California's Bullet-Train Will Require Extraordinary Engineering Feats
A modern attempt is now underway to echo the bold effort that connected the Bay Area and Southern California by rail in 1874. This time, "[t]unneling machines as long as a football field will have to be jockeyed into mountain canyons to do the heavy, back-breaking work once left to Chinese laborers," writes Vartabedian.
"The sheer scale and scope of the bullet train's push into Southern California, including traversing complex seismic hazards, would rival construction of the state's massive freeway system, water transport networks and its port complexes."
The project will traverse not only the Tehachapi Mountains, but also the San Gabriel Mountains, arguably "the greatest design challenge of the $68-billion project" says Vartabedian. Running through a geographical obstacle course, it will soar over canyons, duck in and out of tunnels, and climb some of the steepest high-speed rail inclines, all the while maintaining a speed of 220 mph.
Among other things, engineers must figure out the best, and perhaps straightest, route that will allow the high-speed train to fulfill a legal mandate that they travel from Los Angeles to San Francisco in less than two hours and 40 minutes. Vartabedian adds, "[i]f completed as planned, [the project will] close a gap in the state's rail network. Today, Amtrak passengers have to take a bus from downtown Los Angeles to Bakersfield to catch northbound trains."
Though unprecedented in Southern California, more complex projects than this have been completed in China and Switzerland, and project managers, engineers and experts remain confident.