Land Abundant Gives Rise to Gardens in Detroit
Nearly thirty percent of Detroit's usable land area lies vacant today – not merely plots with abandoned buildings, but "empty fields from which all structures have been removed," Gallagher writes. And among the many alternative uses that residents have thought up for all that space, the most notable trend in recent years has been a surge in urban agriculture, with one farm growing as large as four acres.
"The gardens operate as small, nonprofit, volunteer-based plots on which residents grow fruits and vegetables," Gallagher reports. "In most cases, the food is donated to food banks, given away to neighborhoods or consumed by the growers themselves."
Without an official zoning classification, however, urban farmers in the Motor City have had to operate without legal sanction. There have been formal proposals to make use of the land, from large-scale agriculture to solar fields, "but city government – underfunded, understaffed and risk-averse – has hesitated to approve any of [them]."
In addition to gardens, Detroiters have been fencing in the empty lots around their own homes to create large, "suburban-size parcels" for playgrounds, parking lots, tool sheds, and the like. The practice of claiming these "blots" (a portmanteau of "block" and "lot") has slowly transformed the landscape of the city into one reminiscent of a subdivision. Margaret Dewar, professor of urban planning at the University of Michigan, claims that only 40% of "blots" in the city are on record with the city assessor's office. In Gallagher's words, "That's an indication that many owners are just taking the lot rather than buying it from the city or some other owner."
While Mayor Dave Bing is reaching out to residents to offer guidelines on how to use vacant land, community gardener Kofi Royal remains skeptical of the City's involvement. "Like I always tell people around here, we've got to do this because the cavalry might not be coming."