Architectural Trend: 'Swagger Buildings' On Hold

After the attack on the World Trade Center, monumental architecture and "swagger buildings" are no longer popular.

January 9, 2002, 4:00 AM PST

By Abhijeet Chavan @

wagger buildings are distinguished either by exceptional size (the Woolworth Building and the Empire State Building), novel or arresting shape (Frank Lloyd Wright's original Guggenheim Museum), or by some dazzling but purely symbolic gesture (as with Wright's dream of a mile-high skyscraper)...The swagger building has but one objective — to rivet public attention."

Thanks to Abhijeet Chavan

Sunday, January 6, 2002 in The New York Times

Soldier Field

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