HOT Lanes Find Success -- And Congestion
The California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) received federal funding "for a demonstration project under which excess capacity in the HOV lanes would be sold to solo drivers willing to pay a toll. He said 75 percent of the vehicles in the lanes still ride free as HOVs, while 25 percent pay toll... Maryland Transportation Department officials have been dazzled by the high-tech efficiency of the system and attracted by its voluntary approach. Flanagan frequently defends the HOT lane concept against the charge of elitism by using the example of a parent rushing to pick up a child from day care by a deadline after which financial penalties kick in."
Thanks to Transport Policy listserv