Addressing Equity by Strategically Planting Millions of Trees
More trees are needed to improve air quality in communities that have been disproportionately affected by pollution and climate change. These communities are typically not only lacking in trees; many of them also face a variety of other challenges that adversely impact the health and well-being of residents.
Jad Daley, president and chief executive officer of American Forests, says, “It’s not just about more trees in cities. If you show me a map of tree cover in any city, you’re showing me a map of race and income levels. We see this as nothing less than a moral imperative.”
American Forests is part of the Trillion Trees Initiative, "a global push to encourage reforestation to capture carbon and slow the effects of global heating." Specifically, a coalition of U.S. cities, companies, and nonprofits has committed to planting and restoring 855 million of trees by 2030. The group recognizes that to truly address climate change, the initiative must be strategic and "reach traditionally disinvested neighborhoods and communities that need cooling, shade, and green space," writes Patrick Sisson.
Adrian Benepe, vice president and director of national programs for the Trust for Public Land, says, “There isn’t a machine invented that can suck down carbon better than trees.” New research by the Natural Areas Conservancy, a New York-based group focused on preserving and protecting urban forests, highlights just how efficient trees can be at storing carbon.
"The roughly 6 million trees in the New York City’s 7,300 acres of natural forested areas represent a quarter of the city’s tree canopy, due to their density, but they account for 69 percent of the stored carbon and 83 percent of the sequestered carbon across the city," notes Sisson.
In addition to maintaining existing urban forests in parks, cities should also focus on ways to increase dense tree canopy coverage outside of parklands. In places like New York City, finding room for new, dense forests is increasingly challenging, but there are still some opportunities. For example, the city can use areas such as abandoned railways, utility corridors, and public right-of-ways. Cities should particularly be creative in finding locations and solutions for providing more trees in under-resourced communities.