Can A City Be Designed for Scientific Innovation?
Christian Matthiessen, a geographer at the University of Copenhagen, noticed that metropolitan areas were behind the majority of scientific research and publications, so he got interested in looking at how cities encouraged scientific innovation:
From Nature: "By Matthiessen's count, the top 75 science-producing clusters in the world from 2006 to 2008 generated some 57% of the research - 3.9 million papers. Many argue that a fine-grained analysis might help to identify the factors that drive successful research clusters - indicating rising stars and aiding city planners and policy-makers in building profitable centres elsewhere."
Tokyo, London, Beijing and the San Francisco Bay Area top the list.