Bike Share's Demographic Challenge
NPR reporter Joel Rose examines why bike share is not catching on with those on the bottom end of the economic ladder. "They're supposed to make commuting easier, greener and cheaper. But the people who arguably need these bikes the most are often the least likely to access them," he writes for this story, part of NPR's project on commuting in America. [Listen here].
"The rates of low-income ridership of all bike-share programs around the world is pitifully low. So we can only do better," says Caroline Samponaro, of Transportation Alternatives in New York. The Citi Bike system launched in New York earlier this year.
To illustrate, Rose meets Samponaro "at a docking station near a big public housing project in Brooklyn. It's right across the street from a busy bike lane, and about two blocks from the foot of the Manhattan Bridge — in other words, a prime spot for bike commuting. But the docking station just sits there, full of bikes, waiting for riders. Samponaro says this unfortunately fits with the data so far."
"The demographic information I've seen to date is that it's more men than women, and only 0.5 percent are low-income New Yorkers," says Samponaro, who considers that a pretty poor rating.
Rose adds that "every bike-sharing system that's launched so far has had trouble attracting large numbers of low-income and minority riders."
One problem is the cost. "(T)ypical bike-sharing membership costs somewhere between $60 and $100 a year. Many of these systems offer discounts for low-income riders, but they're not always well-known or advertised." And then there's the issue of needing a credit card.
However, as has been pointed out here, bike share systems need to become financially sustainable, unlike public transit systems that have more public funding sources. London and Toronto are struggling to make ends meet.
While Rose focuses on income levels, he also points out that most of "users so far tend to be young and male."