Form-Based Zoning on Main Street

National Trust Main Street Center Program Officer Nick Kalogersis, AICP gives a primer on form-based zoning and its relavance to traditional commercial district revitalization.

For most of us in the Main Street revitalization field, addressing the inadequacies of our local zoning code has become increasingly important. For instance, local zoning may forbid certain land uses, such as residential units on upper floors, and it may lack the necessary building design standards to ensure that new construction fits in and complements the existing building fabric. When it comes to dealing with the design of new buildings, Main Street communities may develop design guidelines or adopt design overlay districts as additions to the local zoning code. Design guidelines and design review procedures, especially if they are mandatory, can effectively ensure that new buildings contribute to the district's pedestrian orientation and overall sense of scale and urban design.

However, design guidelines used today by many Main Street communities often focus exclusively on the rehabilitation of existing historic commercial buildings rather than including new construction. And, often, their design review procedures, which require builders and developers to seek project approval from a review commission, often lengthens the time it take to get a building project started. More often than not, a design review process may not always guarantee that the best building design is built since the goal of most design guidelines is to keep the worst buildings from being built.

So, what does a Main Street program do when planning to reform its local zoning code? How can we make zoning more effective when dealing with new construction and in maximizing the number of land uses in Main Street districts? How do we really know what is allowed and not allowed?

Thanks to Luke VanBelleghem

Full Story: Form-Based Zoning on Main Street


Build Your Own Paper Block City

Urban Fold is an all-inclusive kit that allows anyone to build the city of their dreams with a few simple folds.
building block set

NEW! Build the world you want to see

Irresistible block set for adults when placed on a coffee table or desk, and great fun for kids.
Book cover of Unsprawl

Unsprawl: Remixing Spaces as Places

Explore visionary, controversial and ultimately successful strategies for building people-centered places.
Starting at $12.95

Stay thirsty, urbanists

These sturdy water bottles are eco-friendly and perfect for urbanists on the go.