The Case for Making Federal Housing Programs Like HAMP and HARP Permanent
Over the past ten years, I have worked with hundreds of clients that were facing foreclosure. Many of these people have attempted to apply for and enter into programs such as the Home Affordable Modification Program (HAMP), a federal program set up to help home owners with loan modifications on their home mortgage debt. This program was set up in response to the subprime mortgage crisis and subsequent Great Recession.
The Home Affordable Refinance Program (HARP) allows home owners to refinance their homes and obtain a better interest rate, which can increase their chances of keeping their home. As great as these and other programs are, it has taken a number of years to make sure that qualified applicants successfully enter and complete them, according to an article from July 2015 by Brian Honea on the participation rate of the HAMP program.
Honea states that in 2009, "the Administration estimated the program would help 3 to 4 million struggling homeowners avoid foreclosure and save money with lower mortgage payments. HAMP was originally scheduled to expire at the end of 2012, but has been extended three times. The latest extension allows the program to continue until the end of 2016."
It turns out that the program has directly helped approximately 1.5 million home owners. The number one reason for denials of applications by borrowers is incomplete paper work and/or documentation. This has been streamlined and simplified in order to make the process more productive. A number of other modifications to the program have been made to make the program more successful.
As these changes have been made the program is continuing to help a higher and higher percentage of those facing foreclosure. As the program has become more streamlined and efficient, it would be wise to continue the program past the end of 2016 and possibly make it a permanent program. There will always be those that are delinquent on their mortgages for a variety of reasons. Keeping this program funded and in place would help those people stay in their homes.
It would be a shame to end these programs just as they have become more and more efficient and effective.