Jamie Killin explores the price of water in Arizona, where academics and advocates are calling for governments and utilities to raise the price of water to better reflect growing scarcity and to encourage conservation.
"In general, local governments and utilities price water according to the cost it takes to treat it and build and maintain the infrastructure necessary to transport it. Most water departments and water utilities run as enterprise funds that are required to recover only the costs they incur," writes Killin.
Other cities "have adopted a block pricing structure, which charges lighter water users, consuming what they need to live and maintain their homes, at a lower rate while charging heavier water users higher rates beyond a base tier."
As an example of the latter, "Tucson has one of the most steeply blocked pricing structures in the state. The owner of a single-family home will pay $1.29 per 100 cubic feet of water – 748 gallons – up to a level Tucson Water says covers the usage of most households. The highest of the four pricing blocks is $11.04 per 100 cubic feet for the heaviest water users."
Water costs in Phoenix, however, are the eighth lowest on a list of 30 U.S. cities, according to a Circle of Blue study cited by Killin.
Even under the current regime, the price of water is likely to increase, as municipalities and utilities search for the supply to maintain growing population levels, according to a recent report by the Arizona Department of Water Resources.