As New York State looks to join the ranks of those legalizing "full-scale" gambling, Florida makes the argument against the "powerful allure" of "big ground-breakings; new jobs in construction, hospitality and gaming tables; and substantial new sources of public revenue."
"While politicians and casino magnates seek to sell gambling complexes to the public as magic economic bullets," says Florida, "virtually every independent economic development expert disagrees — and they have the studies to back it up."
"In his 2004 book 'Gambling in America: Costs and Benefits,' Baylor University economist Earl Grinols totaled the added costs that cities must pay in increased crime, bankruptcies, lost productivity and diminished social capital once they introduce casinos to their economic mix. He found that casino gambling generates roughly $166 in social costs for every $54 of economic benefit. Based on this, he estimates that the 'costs of problem and pathological gambling are comparable to the value of the lost output of an additional recession in the economy every four years.'”
While the three cities - Reno, Las Vegas, and Atlantic City - that only three decades ago had a monopoly on casinos have learned not to rely on unstable gambling revenues, and seek to diversify their economies, places like Detroit, Cleveland, Chicago, Boston, and Toronto are looking to get into the gambling game. Florida suggests officials in these cities think twice before they roll the dice.