Coal Ascendant in the 21st Century

Coal burning is rising everywhere save the U.S. If no changes are made to promote alternatives, it will overtake oil as the world's top energy source within a decade according to a new report from the Paris-based International Energy Agency (IEA).

The forecast of 2.6% annual coal consumption increase for the next six years included in the "Medium-Term Coal Market Report" is important because coal emits more carbon dioxide, criteria pollutants, and toxic emissions than either natural gas or oil, so impacts on climate change and public health are severe.  Even in Europe, which has a cap & trade system and where many countries are signatories of the Kyoto climate treaty, coal use is expected to continue rising until 2017.

Marek Strzelecki writes that "(c)oal consumption will climb to 4.32 billion tons of oil equivalent by 2017, compared with about 4.4 billion for oil (see chart).  Demand for coal rose 4.3 percent last year, with China accounting for 67 percent of the increase" and is expected "to replace Japan as the largest importer of the fuel", according to the report written by the International Energy Agency.

"Thanks to abundant supplies and insatiable demand for power from emerging markets, coal met nearly half of the rise in global energy demand during the first decade of the 21st Century,” IEA Executive Director Maria van der Hoeven said. “Coal’s share of the global energy mix continues to grow each year, and if no changes are made to current policies, coal will catch oil within a decade.”

Energy & Environment Publishing's Manuel Quinones writes about the important roles played by natural gas, carbon pricing, and carbon capture and storage (CC&S).

"Without charging high prices for burning coal, the IEA's van der Hoeven suggested gas as an antidote for reducing global CO2 emissions.

"The U.S. experience suggests that a more efficient gas market, marked by flexible pricing and fueled by indigenous unconventional resources that are produced sustainably, can reduce coal use, CO2 emissions and consumers' electricity bills, without harming energy security," said van der Hoeven. "Europe, China and other regions should take note."

"CCS technologies are not taking off as once expected, which means CO2 emissions will keep growing substantially", she said.

She added, "Without progress in CCS, and if other countries cannot replicate the U.S. experience and reduce coal demand, coal faces the risk of a potential climate policy backlash."

See IEA's "Medium-Term Coal Market Report 2012 Factsheet" to see who the world's largest coal exporters, importers, and coal projections for major regions of the world.

Full Story: Coal to Approach Oil as Top Energy Source by 2017, IEA Says


Prepare for the AICP* Exam

Join the thousands of students who have utilized the Planetizen AICP* Exam Preparation Class to prepare for the American Planning Association's AICP* exam.
Starting at $245
AICP CTP Storefont Display

The first online AICP* CTP exam prep class

Are you ready to take the AICP* Certified Transportation Planner exam?
Priced at $245 for May exam!
Book cover of Unsprawl

Unsprawl: Remixing Spaces as Places

Explore visionary, controversial and ultimately successful strategies for building people-centered places.
Starting at $12.95
Book cover of Where Things Are from Near to Far

Where Things Are From Near to Far

This engaging children's book about planning illustrates that "every building has its place."