The report by Qian Hui Tan of the Department of Geography, National University of Singapore, goes beyond studying issues related to the segregation of public spaces between smoking and non-smoking areas, though that is where she conducted many of the interviews that compose the study, to look at the impact of the odor on individuals themselves.
Berg writes, "The influence of smell, Tan argues, is perhaps one of the strongest determinants of how people interact with or avoid one another in the public sphere – whether it's cigarette smoke, days without a shower or the undeniable stench of vagrancy. How exactly cigarette smells shape the use of public space is likely different from place to place. But this research argues that smell and personal habits can be a major force in shaping city life."
As density becomes more accepted in residential living, and the shared spaces of the city become more crowded, are additional regulations needed to separate smokers from non-smokers? While Tan's research doesn't appear to delve in that direction, it is being considered more often, as shown by the Marin County, CA city of San Rafael's proposal "to ban smoking in more than 40 percent of the city's private residences or while sitting or standing on any sidewalk downtown."
Jennifer Gollan, writing for The Bay Citizen notes that "(t)he proposed ordinance would prohibit smoking tobacco or marijuana in any multi-family residential unit, condominium or apartment – more than 10,000 of the city's 24,000 dwellings....Violators could face fines ranging from $100 to $500, depending on the number of times they have been cited."
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