Now, however, Winnipeg's streets are being torn up for some 36 cycling projects, ranging from segregated bike lanes to roundabouts on residential streets, all funded by federal stimulus monies – which must be spent by the end of the fiscal year.
Perhaps predictably, the complaints levelled against the city (and broadcast in the media) have been nothing less than deafening. Whether because of the loss of car lanes or parking, the brevity of the consultation period or the inconvenience of the construction itself, Winnipeg's car culture appears to be going into shock.
I wish the folks who are so angry about the construction could see the future – to look past the churned-up streets and see what the city will look like, and what a livable place it can become.
For a glimpse of this future, I suggest they look at Montreal, where I travelled this past weekend for the International Congress on Climate Change, hosted by the Canadian Institute of Planners, and featuring such renowned speakers as Wade Davis , Jan Gehl and Larry Beasley. The event was attended not just by Canadian planners but also planning professionals from other Commonwealth nations, all there to discuss and share mitigation and adaptation measures – among them reducing automobile use and promoting human-powered transport.
Montreal was an excellent choice for such a conference. It is by any standard a world-class city, boasting not only a large and diverse metropolitan population, but many architectural treasures, astoundingly busy downtown retail and restaurant trades, an extensive and highly effective rapid transit system and renowned universities.
It also has outstanding cycling infrastructure: most of the major streets in the downtown have either bicycle roadways segregated from the cars by concrete and streetlamps, or else generously painted lanes. Where streets narrow the lanes are carried onto plazas and sidewalks, so that the routes are continuous.
Most ingeniously, the cycling infrastructure is centered on Bixi, Montreal's bicycle rental scheme. Every few blocks it seems, one comes upon a station of racks for the (largely absent) Bixi bicycles. For a 24 hour period, subscribers (or visitors like myself) can swipe a credit card and ride one the sturdy vehicles to the station of your choice, where you simply replace it in the rack and go shopping, out to eat or catch the Metro.
I had the pleasure of renting one of the city's 3,000 Bixi bicycles on the morning preceding the conference. Not only was it extremely convenient and easy to use, it afforded me a much greater range of travel and allowed me the liberating feeling of being able to dine and shop without worrying about having my bike stolen. After all, it wasn't my bike.
(Photo: manskilo [flickr])
What I think is key to the success of Montreal's cycling environment is how well the built infrastructure and the Bixi scheme support one another. The segregated bikeways give you a safe place to travel, and the Bixi proves the ideal vehicle for using them. The stations are near major destinations (such as concentrations of restaurants) so hopping off and on to a different Bixi is as easy as changing buses. Montreal is a city of both bricks and Bixis, as it were: Emblazoned as they are with the words "Bixi Montreal", the bikes and their stations appear to be as much a part of the cityscape as its parks, benches and traffic lights.
The Bixi – heavy and highly distinctive – also made me feel both more visible and respected as a user of the road. Cars and buses gave me a wide berth. The bikes are heavily used by a wide range of customers: over the few days I was there I saw young adults, the elderly, parents with children and one soldier in full fatigues all riding the comfortable and well-lit bikes. Few people seemed to wear helmets, and I felt quite safe without one myself.After parking and locking a Bixi for the last time, I couldn't help but reflect on the controversy raging back home. Perhaps once the changes are in place, a bike rental service like Bixi – fun, appealing and a boon to tourists and residents alike -- might help my fellow citizens ease into the transition to a less car-dependent future – a transition which, the conference made all too clear, is an economic, social and moral necessity.