Mapping Toronto's Class Divide

Richard Florida plots the geography of class on a map of Toronto to show the deep economic divisions at work in an almost "completely post industrial," city.

"Higher-paying, higher skill creative class jobs are concentrated in a T-shape radiating out of the downtown core of the city." Lower wage and skill jobs surround this formation and spread to the outskirts of the city, where they mix with just a couple of neighborhoods where working class jobs are still dominant.

Florida believes the location of these jobs helps to understand the increasingly class-polarized politics and current mayor's race.

He advises that "Toronto needs to come to grips with its growing class divide, and to develop strategies that can begin to address it if it wants to retain the tolerance, social cohesion, and commitments to social justice which have so long been its hallmarks."

Full Story: Toronto's Geography of Class


Prepare for the AICP* Exam

Join the thousands of students who have utilized the Planetizen AICP* Exam Preparation Class to prepare for the American Planning Association's AICP* exam.
Starting at $245
AICP CTP Storefont Display

The first online AICP* CTP exam prep class

Are you ready to take the AICP* Certified Transportation Planner exam?
Priced at $245 for May exam!

Stay thirsty, urbanists

These sturdy water bottles are eco-friendly and perfect for urbanists on the go.
Book cover of Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning

Contemporary Debates in Urban Planning

Featuring thought-provoking commentary and insights from some of the leading thinkers and practitioners in the field.