Privately Owned Public Spaces

More and more often, barriers have been erected between the public and POPS, as privately owned public spaces are known.
Sep 11, 2015   The New York Times
Urbanism media noted the growing privatization of recreation facilities, such as pools, as one of the lessons to be taken from a controversial encounter between police and black teenagers in McKinney, Texas over the weekend.
Jun 9, 2015   The Atlantic
An interview with Thomas Balsley, landscape architect and designer of hundreds of parks and plazas in New York, reveals inside baseball about the evolution of park design, planning, and approvals in the Big Apple.
Jan 14, 2014   Metropolis
San Francisco's 1985 downtown plan required large new office and hotel developments to incorporate public spaces, but the city is only now updating the requirements and reinforcing the initial goal of opening up privately owned public spaces (POPOS).
Dec 20, 2012   The Atlantic Cities
As part of an endeavor to improve access to New York's 525 Privately Owned Public Spaces (POPS), which gained notoriety during last year's Occupy Wall Street protests, a new website has been launched to help the public find and utilize them.
Oct 23, 2012   The Architect's Newspaper
John King authors an article examining the types of privately owned public spaces that have been created in San Francisco under the city's 1985 downtown plan and sees room for improvement.
Feb 22, 2012   San Francisco Chronicle