"The MTA capital program is facing a $12 billion shortfall, according to Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli, and unless that gap is closed, transit riders will end up paying even more to cover the agency’s ballooning debt load," reports Stephen Miller before making the case for tolling as the less regressive option for the MTA to make up its deficit.
While former Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood has suggested that New York adopt Virginia's model of transportation funding by increasing its sales tax. Miller shares the following data to rebuke that proposal: "But a sales tax is one of the most regressive revenue-raisers out there. Of the types of taxes states typically levy — on property, income, and sales — “sales and excise taxes are the most regressive, with poor families paying eight times more of their income in these taxes than wealthy families, and middle income families paying five times more,” according to the non-partisan Institute on Taxation and Economic Policy [PDF]."
Instead, Miller supports the funding model proposed by Move NY to toll drives entering Manhattan below 60th Street. Miller argues in favor of Move NY's plan: "Car owners are wealthier than car-free New Yorkers, and a Move NY analysis shows that drivers who will pay more under the plan have household incomes far higher than transit users. Asking them to pay a higher toll to support train and bus service, while lowering tolls in the outer boroughs, transfers resources from the haves to the have-nots — it isn’t regressive at all."
The article includes more details about differences between tolling and sales tax schemes.